BYTOM

BYTOM (Ger. Beuthen), town in silesia ; in Germany until 1945. There were probably Jews living in Bytom before the black death (1349), but the community disappeared; it was reestablished in 1655–59 by Polish Jews. In 1708 Jews without right of domicile in Bytom were expelled, those who remained being mainly taxfarmers. A cemetery was established in 1732, the first synagogue built in 1810, and a larger one in 1869. The Jewish population numbered seven persons in 1784; 131 in 1792; 255 in 1810; 2,549 in 1900; 3,500 in 1932 (3.77% of the total population), and 1,362 in 1939. A number of Polish Jews settled there after World War I. Attacks on Jews and Jewish shops occurred as early as 1923. In 1932 the community maintained a synagogue, an elementary and a religious school, and benevolent and cultural organizations. During World War II, 1,078 Jews were deported from Bytom (1942), most of them ending up in auschwitz . After the war a new community was established by Polish Jews, which maintained a Hebrew school and a producers' cooperative. In 1962 there were 248 Jews living in Bytom. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 1 (1963), 26; 2 (1968), 79; FJW, 102; M. Kopfstein, Geschichte der Synagogen-Gemeinde Beuthen (1891); Juedisches Gemeindeblatt fuer Beuthen, Gleiwitz, Hindenburg (1936); AJYB (1962/63), 366–7. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Maser et al., Juden in Oberschlesien I, Beuthen (1992), 72–86.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bytom — Market Square …   Wikipedia

  • Bytom — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bytom …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bytom — Bytom …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bytom — Héraldique Drapeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bytom —   [ bitɔm], Stadt in Polen, Beuthen O. S …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bytom — [bi′tō̂m] city in SW Poland: pop. 232,000 …   English World dictionary

  • bytom — ˈbiˌtȯm adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Bytom, Poland : of or from the city of Bytom, Poland : of the kind or style prevalent in Bytom …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bytom — /bi tawm/, n. a city in S Poland. 234,000. German, Beuthen. * * * ▪ Poland German  Beuthen        city, Śląskie województwo (province), southern Poland. It is one of the oldest and largest industrial cities in the Upper Silesia coal region.… …   Universalium

  • Bytom — Original name in latin Bytom Name in other language Beuthen, Bithomia, Bitom, Bitoma, Bytom, Bytomas, Bytun, Byt Btom, Gorad Bytam, bi tuo mu, bitom, bitomu, bytwm, Битом, Бытом, Горад Бытaм State code PL Continent/City Europe/Warsaw longitude 50 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bytom — Beuthen (German), Bytom (Polish), Bitom Битом (Macedonian) …   Names of cities in different languages

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.